Notes & Study Material for UPSC/IAS, State PCS and other government exams.

This portal is dedicated to provide Notes, Study Material, MCQs and Mock test for UPSC/IAS Prelims and Mains exam, UPPSC, BPSC, MPPSC and other State PSC exams.

General Studies

The National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI)

The National Payments Corporation of India is an umbrella organisation for operating retail payments and settlement systems under the ownership ...

May 09, 2021 12:08 IST · 4 min read

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC)

National Commission for Backward Classes (NCBC) is a constitutional body, the 102nd Constitution Amendment Act, 2018 provided constituti ...

May 07, 2021 23:58 IST · 2 min read

Biofuels: Generations and Types (Bioethanol, Biodiesel Biogas etc)

Biofuel is any fuel that is derived from biomass - that is, plant or algae material or animal waste. Since such feedstock material can b ...

May 07, 2021 15:56 IST · 4 min read

Earth's axis : Geographical poles and Magnetic poles

According to a study published in Geophysical Research Letters of the American Geophysical Union (AGU) - our planet's axis of rotation has been mov ...

May 07, 2021 11:08 IST · 4 min read

Major Rivers of the World and Famous Cities on River Banks

Rivers are extremely useful for human, they provided early men with water to drink and fish to eat. When people learned to build ...

May 03, 2021 11:24 IST · 10 min read

Major crops in India (Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Cotton, Silk, Millets etc)

India has various food and non-food crops which are cultivated in three main cropping seasons which are rabi, kharif and zaid. ...

May 03, 2021 08:04 IST · 7 min read

Major Straits of the world (With related Map)

A strait is a thin channel of a waterway that connects two large water bodies. Here is a list of Major Straits of the world: Malacc ...

May 02, 2021 17:36 IST · 2 min read

Natural Vegetation and Forest Types in India

Natural vegetation refers to a plant community that has been left undisturbed over a long time, so that it could adjust itself to climate and soil ...

May 02, 2021 16:04 IST · 9 min read

"Major Dams in India" - related River name and State

A dam is a structure built across a river or stream to hold back water. Dams are mainly built in order to produce electricity by using water, this for ...

May 01, 2021 19:25 IST · 2 min read

State wise list of major tribes in India

A tribe is a social division in a traditional society consisting of families linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common cultu ...

May 01, 2021 05:30 IST · 6 min read

Protected areas in India (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves)

Protected Areas in India India has a network of 868 Protected Areas covering a total of 1,65,088 km2 of geographical area of the co ...

Apr 28, 2021 13:41 IST · 11 min read

What are "Peatlands" ? Peatlands's importance in climate change

Peatlands are a type of wetlands that occur in almost every country on Earth, currently covering 3% of the global land surface. These are h ...

Apr 25, 2021 11:27 IST · 1 min read

What is a "mangrove" forest ? (Sundarbans, Bhitarkanika etc)

A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water. Mangroves occur worldwide in the tropics and subtrop ...

Apr 25, 2021 10:55 IST · 1 min read

What are the Greenhouse gases ?

What is greenhouse effect ? The greenhouse effect is the natural warming of the earth that results when gases in the atmosphere trap ...

Apr 24, 2021 00:26 IST · 4 min read

Lake and its classification - Major Lakes in India

A lake is a large body of natural water accumulated in a depression. Lake basins are formed due to endogenous geological processes like tectonism a ...

Apr 21, 2021 13:34 IST · 8 min read

Tiger conservation : Project Tiger

What is Project Tiger ? Project Tiger is a tiger conservation program launched in April 1973 by the Government of India to ste ...

Apr 20, 2021 17:02 IST · 2 min read

What are "Payment Banks" : Eligibility, Regulation etc

Payment Banks are outcome of Dr. Nachiket Mor committee recommendations to cater to the lower income groups and small businesses. ...

Apr 18, 2021 12:03 IST · 1 min read

What are Small finance banks: Eligibility, Regulation etc.

Small finance banks are established as public limited companies in the private sector under the Companies Act, 2013 and can be promoted either ...

Apr 18, 2021 11:37 IST · 2 min read

National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC)

National Commission for Scheduled Castes (NCSC) is a constitutional body established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitat ...

Apr 15, 2021 12:26 IST · 1 min read

Turtle conservation in India (Olive Ridley, Green turtle, Loggerhead, Hawksbill, Leatherback)

World Turtle Day is observed on 23rd May to increase attention on conservation of Turtles and Tortoises, the theme for the World Turtle Day 2020 is ...

Apr 13, 2021 14:29 IST · 1 min read
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