Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989

Why in news ?
Section 18 of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989, bars anticipatory bail for accused of causing cast eccentric injury and insult to Dalits. Supreme court had read down Section 18 to allow accused persons under the Act to apply for anticipatory bail.


Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989

The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, or the SC/ST Act protects the marginalised communities against discrimination and atrocities.

The SC/ST Act includes 22 offences relating to various patterns or behaviours inflicting criminal offences and breaking the self-respect and esteem of the scheduled castes and tribes community.

The act also safeguards SC/ST against social disabilities like, denial of access to certain places and passage, forceful drinking or eating of inedible food sexual exploitation, injury etc.

The act also have a provision for a Special Court for speedy trial of offences under the Act in each district.

Recently Supreme Court ruled that public servants cannot be prosecuted without the approval of the appointing authority and citizens too should be arrested only after an inquiry under the law.


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