Why UNSC Resolution 2427 ?
A drastic increase from 15,500 violations to 21,000 cases has been verified by UN on children in armed conflict,
the data was published in an annual report of the UN secretary-general on children and armed conflict.
What is UNSC Resolution 2427 ?
In a bid to provide a framework for mainstreaming protection, rights, well-being and empowerment of children throughout the conflict cycle, the UNSC has adopted a resolution namd "Resolution 2427".
The resolution unanimously approved by 15 members of UNSC condemns the recruitment and use of children by parties to armed conflict as well as their re-recruitment, killing and maiming, rape and other forms of sexual violence, and abductions.
The resolution also condemns all violations of international law committed against children in situations of armed conflict,
including attacks against schools and hospitals and the denial of humanitarian access by parties to armed conflict.
It asked all relevant parties to take special measures to protect children and immediately put an end to such practices.
The resolution also emphasise that its states's duty to investigate and prosecute those responsible for genocide,
crimes against humanity, war crimes and other egregious crimes perpetrated against children.
The resolution also reflected readiness of UN Security Council to adopt targeted and graduated measures against
persistent perpetrators of violations and abuses committed against children.
The resolution also demands member states, UN bodies and civil society to ensure basic needs of children during and
post conflict, including education and health care and girls's equal access to education.
Integration of mental health, psycho-social services and importance of long-term and sustainable funding are also
emphasised by the resolution to ensure affected children receive timely and sufficient support.