UN Military Observer Group in India, Pakistan (UNMOGIP)

Why in news ?
Uruguayan Army official has been appointed as new head of UNMOGIP (UN Military Observer Group in India, Pakistan) by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres.

What is UN Military Observer Group in India, Pakistan (UNMOGIP) ?

UNMOGIP was created by United Nations(UNSC) to reports on ceasefire violations along and across the Line of Control (LoC) between India and Pakistan in Jammu and Kashmir region, in 1949. UNMOGIP has 44 military observers, 25 international civilian personnel from 10 countries and 47 local civilian staff.

According to India, after the Simla Agreement and the consequent establishment of the Line of Control (LoC), UNMOGIP is now irrelevant and should be abolished. UNMOGIP can only be terminated by a decision of the Security Council.

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