The first group of United Nations military observers arrived in the mission area on 24 January of 1949 to supervise the ceasefire between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
These observers, under the command of the Military Adviser appointed by the UN Secretary-General, formed the nucleus of the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP).
Following renewed hostilities of 1971, UNMOGIP has remained in the area to observe developments pertaining to the strict observance of the ceasefire of 17 December 1971 and report thereon to the Secretary-General.
According to the Security Council mandate given in resolution 307 of 1971, UNMOGIP observes and reports on ceasefire violations along and across the Line of Control and the working boundary between the two countries in Jammu and Kashmir, as well as reports developments that could lead to ceasefire violations.
India has however maintained that UNMOGIP has "outlived its relevance" after the Simla Agreement was signed by India and Pakistan in July 1972 and the consequent establishment of the LoC.
As of March this year, a total of 113 personnel are deployed with UNMOGIP, including 71 civilians and 42 experts on mission.