18Th June 2018 : Daily Current Affairs - UPSC CSE/IAS & State PSC

This page contains "18th June 2018" current affairs analysis from different newspapers and magazines like the hindu, indian express, PIB and yojna.

Quality and relevance are two key features considered while writing the content, all the topics are based on the pattern of previously asked questions in exams like UPSC CSE, IAS, State PCS, SSC, Banks PO and like wise competitive exams.

1) Vacuum bio-toilets - India Railways

Why in news ?
Ministry of Railways has decided to upgrade existing bio toilets in trains with vaccum bio toilets.

Vaccum Toilets

The vaccum toilet costs around 2.5 lakh indian rupees per unit, and is odour free. These toilets need 1/20 times less water than traditional bio toilets.

Bio Toilets

A Bio-Toilet is a complete waste management solution which reduces solid human waste to Bio-gas and water, with the help of a Bacterial Inoculum.

The bacteria used in these toilets can double its population within 6 to 8 hrs and decompose matter into liquid and gases, used bacteria can also be kept for 3-4 months at ambient temperature.

The bacteria used can withstand sub zero temperature as well as upto 60 degree centigrade but charging of Inoculum should be done not less than 5ºC Temperature.

DRDO's technology uses anaerobic (psychrophilic or coldloving) bacteria specially brought from Antarctica and a metalfibre reinforcedplastic fermentation tank. The other technology uses an enzyme along with aerobicbacteria, which are mostly imported.

The water trap system in the toilet prevents air from getting into the tank, the human waste is processed by anaerobic bacteria in seven chambers in the tank and the methane gas is allowed to escape into the air.

The residual water from Bio-Toilet is colorless, odorless and devoid of any solid particles and requires no further treatment/waste management and it can be used for irrigation purposes.

2) Ayushman Bharat ? National Health Protection Mission

Why in news ?
The government has approved the launch of a new Centrally Sponsored Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the MoHFW.

Salient Features

1) The scheme will have a defined benefit cover of Rs. 5 lakh per family per year, to cover almost all secondary care and most of tertiary care procedures.

2) Pre and post Hospitalization expenses and transport allowance per hospitalization is also covered under the scheme.

3) A beneficiary, covered under the scheme can take cashless benefits from any public and empanelled private hospital across the country.

4) The scheme will be an entitlement based scheme with entitlement decided on the basis of deprivation criteria in the SECC database. For urban areas, 11 defined occupational categories are entitled under the scheme.

5) States will be free to choose the modalities for implementation. They can implement through insurance company or directly through Trust/ Society or a mixed model.

6) The scheme also proposes "Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Council" (AB-NHPMC) at apex level Chaired by Union Health and Family Welfare Minister, to fooster coordination between center and states.

7) The scheme also proposes to have an "Ayushman Bharat National Health Protection Mission Governing Board (AB-NHPMGB)" which will be jointly chaired by Secretary (HFW) and Member (Health), NITI Aayog.

8) The scheme also proposes to establish an "Ayushman Bharat - National Health Protection Mission Agency (AB-NHPMA)" to manage the AB-NHPM at the operational level in the form of a Society. AB-NHPMA will be headed by a full time CEO of the level of Secretary/ Additional Secretary to the Government of India.

9) States needs to choose from existing "Trust / Society / Not for Profit Company/ State Nodal Agency" or create a new one to act as "State Health Agency (SHA)" to implement the scheme.

3) India faces worst water crisis: NITI Aayog

Why in news ?
The NITI Aayog released the results of a study warning that India is facing its "worst" water crisis in history and that demand for potable water will outstrip supply by 2030 if steps are not taken.

Water crisis in India

According to warning issued by NITI Aayog, Nearly 600 million Indians faced high to extreme water stress and about 2,00,000 people died every year due to inadequate access to safe water.

A number of major indian cities will run out of water by 2020, to affect 100 million people; if appropriate measure are not taken, 21 cities mentioned in warning includes Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai and Hyderabad.

If no action is taken, there will be a 6% loss in the country?s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by 2050.

The report also take notes about, groundwater resources, which accounted for 40% of India?s water supply, and says groundwater is depleted at "unsustainable" rates and up to 70% of India?s water supply is "contaminated".

The study also ranked 24 States on how well they managed their water; Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh took the top three spots, in that order, and Jharkhand, Bihar and Haryana came in last in the "Non-Himalayan States" category.

In another 8-member group clubbed together as "North-Eastern and Himalayan" states, Himachal Pradesh is facing one of its worst water crises this year.

Food security risk is also associated with low performing states such as Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh, because these states accounts for 20-30% of India?s agricultural output.

NITI Aayog also prepared "Composite Water Management Index (CWMI)" for states on 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators including various aspects of groundwater, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance; Jharkhand and Rajasthan has poorest score under the inxed.

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