This page contains UPSC IAS General Studies Previous Year Prelims Questions Paper I with answer key and explanation. It really helps to take a look at these questions and even better if one try to solve them in timely manner.
These UPSC CSE Previous year questions papers for GS Paper 1 are also helpful in understanding the syllabus and pattern of the exam.
2018 G20 summit
The 2018 G20 Buenos Aires summit will be the 13th meeting of Group of Twenty (G20). It will be held in 2018 in the city of Buenos Aires, Argentina, the first G20 summit to be hosted in South America.
Founded in 1999, the G20 (international forum for the governments and central bank governors) aims to discuss policy pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability.
The G20 is the latest in a series of post–World War 2 initiatives aimed at international coordination of economic policy, apart from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB), and what is now the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Indian Star tortoises
The Indian star tortoise is a threatened species of tortoise which found in dry areas and scrub forest of India and Sri Lanka. This species is quite popular in the exotic pet trade, which is the main reason of it being endangered.
The tortoise has been included on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), since 1975. The tortoise has been placed under Schedule IV of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary located in the Idukki district of Kerala state is the only place where star tortoises are known to occur in the wild.
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was a legal agreement between many countries, whose overall purpose was to promote international trade by reducing or eliminating trade barriers such as tariffs or quotas.
GATT was signed by 23 nations in Geneva on 30 October 1947, and took effect on 1 January 1948.
The WTO established on on 1 January 1995, is a successor to GATT, and the original GATT text (GATT 1947) is still in effect under the WTO framework, subject to the modifications of GATT 1994.
CITES also known as the Washington Convention is a multilateral treaty signed on 3 March 1973 in a meeting of members of the IUCN; to protect endangered plants and animals.
Read More: CITES
World Wide Fund for Nature
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), having headquarter in Rue Mauverny, Gland, Vaud, Switzerland; is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961. The organization works in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
WWF having over five million worldwide supporters is the largest conservation organization of the world. The Living Planet Report is published every two years by WWF since 1998.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), founded on 5 October 1948 in Fontainebleau, France is an international organization working in the field of nature conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
Read More: IUCN
Everything about India, France Rafale aircraft deal
In September 2016, India and France concluded an Inter-Governmental Agreement (IGA) for the purchase of 36 Rafale fighter jets at a cost of 7.87 billion euros or Rs 58,000 (Rs 1600 crore per aircraft). This is the first fighter aircraft deal since late 90's, for the purchase of Sukhois from Russia.
Read More: Rafale aircraft deal
National Waterways Project-1 (River Ganga)
The government is developing a National Waterways Project-1 (River Ganga) from Haldia to Varanasi (1,390 km). The project will be completed with an estimated cost of 5,369 crore rupees, having the technical and financial assistance of the World Bank.
Ganges flows through following states, Uttarakhand, UP, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
The major tributaries of the Ganga are as follows: Left tributaries - Karnali, Mahakhali, Gandak, Koshi (Kosi), Ghaghra, and Damodar. Right tributaries - Yamuna, Son, Mahananda, Chambal
National Ganga River Basin Authority
National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) is a financing, planning, implementing, monitoring and coordinating authority for the Ganges River, functioning under the water resource ministry of India.
It was established by the Government of India under the Environment Protection Act, 1986, which also declared Ganges as the "National River" of India.
There are total of 23 members of the NGRBA. 14 out of 23 come from the government sectors whereas the remaining 9 come from the NGO sector. The Prime Minister is the chair of the Authority. Other members include the cabinet ministers of ministries that include the Ganges among their direct concerns and the chief ministers of states through which the Ganges River flows.
National River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Conservation and Management) Bill, 2018
A proposed National River Ganga Bill, 2018 also called "Ganga Act", defines river ganga as "India’s national river." The bill also proposes to create a management structure that will supervise the health of the 2,500-kilometre long Ganga.
To ensure the "uninterrupted, ecological flow" of the river, the act banned the construction of jetties, ports or "permanent hydraulic structures" in the Ganga, unless permitted by the National Ganga Rejuvenation Authority.