21Th June 2018 : Daily Current Affairs - UPSC CSE/IAS & State PSC

This page contains "21th June 2018" current affairs analysis from different newspapers and magazines like the hindu, indian express, PIB and yojna.

Quality and relevance are two key features considered while writing the content, all the topics are based on the pattern of previously asked questions in exams like UPSC CSE, IAS, State PCS, SSC, Banks PO and like wise competitive exams.

1) World's hungry population on the rise again : UN report

As per a recent report released by United Nations, world hungry population has risen for the first time in more than a decade. Considering years for which data is available hungry (undernourished) population has gone from 777 million in 2015 to 815 million in 2016; that is an increase of 38 million in a year after a constant decline since 2000.

Forced displacement of people due to conflicts, drought and climate change disasters (like hurricanes in USA) are main causes for this rise as mentioned in UN?s Sustainable Development Goals 2018 report.

UN member nations had adopted 17 SDGs in 2015 to be fulfilled by 2013, the report also examines area wise performance of nations on these goals.

According to report South Asia including India, has seen water stress level of 70% indicating fast-approaching water scarcity. A sudden increase in child marriage is also recorded in this region.

Electricity and sanitation deficits are still poor in south Asia despite efforts are made to reduce the gap.

In urban areas around the world about 90% people are breathing polluted air, with southern Asia scoring the worst in this area.

2) Doubling Farmer's income by 2022

Doubling farmers income was initiated by PM Modi in 2016 with a deadline of 2022; Following measures has been taken so far:

1) PM Fasal Bima Yojna

The scheme was launched to safeguard farmers against any crop loss due to natural calamities, pests or diseases. All farmers in the country including sharecroppers and tenant farmers growing notified crops in a notified area during the season. It is compulsory for loanee farmers.

Under the scheme a fixed premium of only 2% for Kharif crops and 1.5% for Rabi crops is to be paid by all non commercial farmers. While Commercial and horticultural crop farmers has to pay 5% of their crop. Additional amount apart from premium paid by farmer to be given to insurance companies is to be divided between centre and state with a ration of 50:50.

In case of crop failure, farmers will get full amount secured under the scheme without any deduction. Non preventable risks, such as Natural Fire and Lightning, and post harvest risks are also covered under the scheme.

Currently, 5 public sector insurer(Agriculture Insurance Company of India, United India Insurance Company etc.) and 13 private insurance companies are em panelled for implementation of the scheme. States are also told to create their own insurance company if they want to do so.

2) Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna is launched to archive multiple goals including, increase coverage of under irrigation area, reuse of municipal waste water for irrigation, recharge of aquifers etc.

In a decentralized mode, District Irrigation Plan (DIP) and a State Irrigation Plan (SIP) is to be created to access PMKSY fund.

A Long Term Irrigation Fund is also instituted under PMKSY in NABARD for funding and fast tracking the implementation of incomplete major and medium irrigation projects.

For household, agriculture and industries, sector wise Water budgeting will also be done under the scheme.

All ongoing schemes like Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP); Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP); and On Farm Water Management (OFWM) component of National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA), are to be amalgamated under PMKSY.

3) National Agricultural Market (NAM)

4) Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna ? RAFTAAR (RKVY-RAFTAAR)

5) Soil Health Card Scheme

6) Krishi Vigyan Kendras

7) Agri Udaam

8) Mera Gaon-Mera Gaurav

3) 100th and last city Shillong : Smart Cities Mission

Its been 4 years while Smart Cities Mission was launched, 100 cities were to be selected in phased manner and each city has to be completed in 5 years. 100th and last city of the mission selected is Shillong, which will be completed in next five years and so a completion date for the city and project is decided to be June 2023.

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs issued a statement saying total investment in 100 cities will be ₹2.05 lakh crore. A Special Purpose Vehicle has to be created in 6 months for each city, which will carry out the Mission.

Smart Cities Mission

Government of India has launched Smart City Mission, with the mission to develop 100 cities across the country's urban areas to make them citizen friendly and sustainable. Union Ministry of Urban Development with the help of the state government of respective city is responsible to carry out the mission.

Cities were to be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission.

All the states and Union territories except West Bengal participating in the mission had nominate at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge.

Each selected city had to create a corporate company, headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Mission.

4) "Women Wizards Rule Tech programme" for women techies

Nasscom has initiated its Women Wizards Rule Tech programme to encourage women employees to hold top positions in the industry.

The initiative will help women techies to develop core technologies like IT-Information Technology Enabled Services (ITES), Business Process Management (BPM), product and research and development (R&D) sectors by equipping them with the skills required for an edge in their career.

Previously released report by Nasscom named Women and IT Scorecard - India had predicted that policies towards flexible work, work-from-home, parental leave, healthcare and anti-harassment will increase the number of women in senior level at IT firms from 20 per cent to 60 per cent.

NASSCOM, a not-for-profit industry association, is the apex body for the 154 billion dollar IT BPM industry in India, an industry that has made a phenomenal contribution to India's GDP, exports, employment, infrastructure and global visibility.

5) International Day of Yoga - 21 June

International Day of Yoga, or Yoga Day, is celebrated annually on 21 June since its inception in 2015. An international day for yoga was declared unanimously by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

Yoga is a physical, mental and spiritual practice originated in Bharat or India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his UN address suggested the date of 21 June, as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere and shares special significance in many parts of the world.

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