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Major tribes in India - State wise list

news-details Image Source May 01, 2021 05:30 IST · 6 min read

A tribe is a social division in a traditional society consisting of families linked by social, economic, religious, or blood ties, with a common culture and dialect.

A tribe possesses certain qualities and characteristics that make it a unique cultural, social, and political entity.

Tribes are also known by the name "Adivasis" in India.

The tribal people in India are around 8.6% of the total population.

According to Article 366(25) of the Constitution, Scheduled Tribes are those communities that are scheduled under Schedule 5 in accordance with Article 342 of the Constitution.

State Tribes
Andhra Pradesh Andh And Sadhu Andh, Bhil, Bhaghata, Dhulia,rona, Kolam, Gond, Thoti, Goundu, Kammara, Savaras, Dabba Yerukula, Sugalis, Nakkala, Pardhan, Gadabas, Chenchus A.k.a Chenchawar, Kattunayakan, Jatapus, Manna Dhora
Arunachal Pradesh Singpho, Monpa, Abor, Sherdukpen, Galo, Apatanis
Assam Khasis, Chakma, Dimasa, Gangte, Garos, Hajong, Chutiya
Bihar Gond, Birjia, Asur, Savar, Parhaiya, Chero, Birhor, Santhals, Baiga
Chhattisgarh Nagasia, Biar, Khond, Agariya, Bhattra, Mawasi, Bhaina,
Goa Varli, Dubia, Siddi, Dhodia, Naikda
Gujarat Patelia, Bhil, Dhodia, Bamcha, Barda, Paradhi, Charan, Gamta
Himachal Pradesh Swangal, Gujjars, Lahaulas, Khas, Pangwala, Lamba, Gaddis

Jammu and Kashmir Balti, Garra, Sippi, Bakarwal, Mon, Gaddi, Purigpa, Beda
Jharkhand Gonds, Birhors, Savar, Mundas, Santhals, Khaira, Bhumji
Karnataka Gond, Patelia, Barda, Yerava, Bhil, Koraga, Adiyan, Iruliga,
Kerala Malai, Aarayan, Arandan, Uralis, Kurumbas, Arandan, Eranvallan
Madhya Pradesh Kharia, Bhils, Murias, Birhors, Baigas, Katkari, Kol, Bharia, Khond, Gonds,
Maharashtra Warlis, Khond, Bhaina, Katkari, Bhunjia, Rathawa, Dhodia.
Manipur Thadou, Aimol, Maram, Paite, Chiru, Purum, Kuki, Monsang, Angami
Meghalaya Pawai, Chakma, Raba, Hajong, Lakher, Garos, Jaintias Khasis
Mizoram Dimasa, Raba, Chakma, Lakher, Khasi, Synteng, Kuki, Pawai.
Nagaland Nagas, Angami, Sema, Garo, Kuki, Kachari, Mikir
Odisha Gadaba, Ghara, Kharia, Khond, Matya, Oraons, Rajuar, Santhals.
Rajasthan Bhils, Damaria, Dhanka, Meenas(Minas), Patelia, Sahariya.
Sikkim Bhutia, Khas, Lepchas.
Tamil Nadu Adiyan, Aranadan, Eravallan, Irular, Kadar, Kanikar, Kotas, Todas.
Telangana Chenchus.
Tripura Bhil, Bhutia, Chaimal, Chakma, Halam, Khasia, Lushai, Mizel, Namte.
Uttarakhand Bhotias, Buksa, Jannsari, Khas, Raji, Tharu.

Uttar Pradesh Bhotia, Buksa, Jaunsari, Kol, Raji, Tharu.
West Bengal Asur, Khond, Hajong, Ho, Parhaiya, Rabha, Santhals, Savar.
Andaman and Nicobar Oraons, Onges, Sentinelese, Shompens.
Little Andaman Jarawa
North-East Abhors, Chang, Galaong, Mishimi, Singpho, Wancho.


Major tribes in India

Tribe State(s) Remark
Gond Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Telangana, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal and Odisha. The Gond comprise the largest tribal group of India with a population exceeding 12 million.
Toda Tamil nadu Dravidian ethnic group, live in the Nilgiri Mountains.
Tharu Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar Indigenous to the Terai in southern Nepal and northern India.
Khasi Meghalaya, Asssam, Tripura, Mizoram Ethnic group of Meghalaya and the state's largest community.
Munda Jharkhand, Bihar, Odisha and West Bengal
Santhal Jharkhand, Assam, Tripura, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Odisha and West Bengal Largest tribe in the Jharkhand state.
Bhil Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan
Gaddi Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir Rajput tribe
Bhotia Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh
Bhutia Sikkim, Tripura
Bodo Assam
Lepcha Sikkim Also found in Bhutan, Tibet, Darjeeling and Nepal.
Kol Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh
Sahariya Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan
Limbu Nepal, Sikkim, West Bengal, and Assam
Karbi Assam
Chenchu Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka and Odisha
Irula Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka
Abor Arunachal Pradesh
Jaunsari Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh
Birhor Jharkhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh
Monpa Arunachal Pradesh
Chakma Mizoram, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura, Arunachal Pradesh
Hajong Meghalaya, Assam, West Bengal

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