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Major Rivers of the World and Famous Cities on River Banks

news-details Image Source May 03, 2021 11:24 IST · 10 min read

Rivers are extremely useful for human, they provided early men with water to drink and fish to eat.

When people learned to build and use boats, rivers supplied a cheap and easy way to travel. Floodplains provided fertile soil for crops, and the system called irrigation allowed people to use rivers to water their fields.
Today, many places use rivers to produce electric power using the fast flow of rivers to generate great amounts of electricity.

Major Rivers of the World

Nile River

The Nile river is the longest (6,650 m) river in the world, its drainage basin covers eleven countries - Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, South Sudan, Republic of the Sudan, and Egypt.

In particular, the Nile is the primary water source of Egypt and Sudan.

The Nile has two major tributaries - the White Nile and the Blue Nile. The White Nile is longer and rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, while Blue Nile begins at Lake Tana in Ethiopia.

The two rivers meet just north of the Sudanese capital of Khartoum.

Amazon River

The Amazon River in South America is the largest river by discharge volume of water in the world, and the second longest river in the world.

The portion of the river's drainage basin in Brazil alone is larger than any other river's basin.


The Yangtze is the longest river in Asia, the third-longest in the world and the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country.

It rises at Jari Hill in the Tanggula Mountains (Tibetan Plateau) its drainage basin comprises one-fifth of the land area of China, and is home to nearly one-third of the country's population.

Mississippi River

The Mississippi River originates from its traditional source of Lake Itasca in northern Minnesota, and flows in the North American continent.

The main stem is entirely within the United States; the river either borders or passes through the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, and Louisiana.

Yellow River

The Yellow River or Huang He is the second-longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth-longest river system in the world.

It originates in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China.

There are frequent devastating floods and course changes produced by the continual elevation of the river bed, sometimes above the level of its surrounding farm fields.

Congo River

The Congo River is the second longest river in Africa, shorter only than the Nile, as well as the second largest river in the world by discharge volume, following only the Amazon.

It is also the world's deepest recorded river, with measured depths in excess of 220 m.

It is the only major river to cross the equator twice.

Mekong River

The Mekong River, is a trans-boundary river in East Asia and Southeast Asia. It originates from the Tibetan Plateau and runs through China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

Niger River

The Niger River originates from the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea (West Africa) near the Sierra Leone border.

The Niger is the third-longest river in Africa, exceeded only by the Nile and the Congo River. Its main tributary is the Benue River.

Brahmaputra River

The Brahmaputra river, called Yarlung Tsangpo in Tibet, Siang/Dihang River in Arunachal Pradesh and Luit, Dilao in Assam, is a trans-boundary river which flows through Tibet, India and Bangladesh.

It is the 9th largest river in the world by discharge, and the 15th longest.

Read More: Brahmaputra River

Darling River

The Darling River is the third longest river in Australia, it originates from its source in northern New South Wales.

The river has a high salt content and declining water quality.

Volga River

The Volga is the longest river in Europe. It is situated in Russia, and flows through Central Russia to Southern Russia and into the Caspian Sea.

It is also Europe's largest river in terms of discharge and drainage basin.

Four of the ten largest cities of Russia, including the nation's capital, Moscow, are located in the Volga's drainage basin.

Indus River

The Indus is a transboundary river of Asia and a trans-Himalayan river of South and East Asia. It rises in Western Tibet, flows northwest through the Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan regions of Kashmir, it empties into the Arabian Sea near the port city of Karachi.

Read More: Indus River

Euphrates River

Euphrates River originates in the Armenian Highlands of eastern Turkey, the Euphrates flows through Syria and Iraq to join the Tigris in the Shatt al-Arab, which empties into the Persian Gulf.

Danube River

The Danube is Europe's second-longest river after the Volga, flowing through much of Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea.

Danube is the river running through the largest number of countries in the world. It originates in Germany and flows southeast passing through or bordering Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Croatia, Serbia, Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova and Ukraine before draining into the Black Sea.

The largest cities on the river are Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade and Bratislava, all of which are the capitals of their respective countries.

Ganga River

The Ganges is a trans-boundary river which flows through India and Bangladesh. The river rises in the western Himalayas in the Indian state of Uttarakhand, and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of North India into Bangladesh, where it empties into the Bay of Bengal.

It is the third largest river on Earth by discharge.

Read More: Ganga River

Amu Darya

The Amu Darya historically known by its Latin name Oxus is a major river in Afghanistan. Rising in the Pamir Mountains, north of the Hindu Kush, the Amu Darya is formed by the confluence of the Vakhsh and Panj rivers.

In its upper course, the river forms part of Afghanistan's northern border with Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.

In ancient history, the river was regarded as the boundary of Greater Iran with "Turan", which roughly corresponded to present-day Central Asia.

Colorado River

The Colorado River in the Southwestern United States and northern Mexico rises in the central Rocky Mountains of Colorado, the river flows generally southwest across the Colorado Plateau and through the Grand Canyon before reaching Lake Mead on the Arizona?Nevada border.

After entering Mexico, the Colorado approaches the mostly dry Colorado River Delta at the tip of the Gulf of California between Baja California and Sonora.

Dnieper River

The Dnieper is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.

It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after Volga, Danube and Ural.

Tigris River

The Tigris rises in the Taurus Mountains of eastern Turkey, it is the eastern of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates.

The river flows south from the mountains of the Armenian Highlands through the Syrian and Arabian Deserts, and empties into the Persian Gulf.

Rhine River

The Rhine is one of the major European rivers, and has its sources in Switzerland and flows in a mostly northerly direction through Germany and the Netherlands, emptying into the North Sea.

Among the largest and most important cities on the Rhine are Cologne, Düsseldorf, Rotterdam, Strasbourg and Basel.

River Thames

The River Thames, also known as the River Isis, is a river that flows through southern England including London. It is the second-longest river in the United Kingdom, after the River Severn.

Saint Lawrence River

The Saint Lawrence River is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.

It is part of the international boundary between Ontario, Canada, and the U.S. state of New York.

Orange River

The Orange River is a river in Southern Africa.

The river forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Lesotho and between South Africa and Namibia, as well as several provincial borders within South Africa.

Except for Upington, it does not pass through any major cities.

List of Famous Cities on River Banks in the World

City Country River
Alexandria Egypt Nile
Amsterdam Netherlands Amstel
Baghdad Iraq Tigris
Bangkok Thailand Chao Phraya
Belgrade Yugoslavia Danube, Sava
Berlin Germany Spree, Havel
Bogotá Colombia Bogotá
Brussels Belgium Senne
Budapest Hungary Danube
Buenos Aires Argentina Río de la Plata
Cairo Egypt Nile
Calcutta India Hugli
Damascus Syria Barada
Delhi India Yamuna
Dublin Ireland LIffey
Ho Chi Minh City Vietnam Saigon
Hong Kong China Pearl
Jakarta Indonesia Liwung
Kiev Ukraine Dnieper
Lisbon Portugal Tagus
Lima Peru Rímac
London England Thames
Madrid Spain Manzanares
Melbourne Australia Yarra
Montreal Canada St. Lawrence
Moscow Russia Moskva
Paris France Seine
Prague Czech Republic Moldau
Rome Italy Tiber
Saint Petersburg Russia Neva
Santiago Chile Mapocho
São Paulo Brazil Tietê
Seoul South Korea Han
Shanghai China Huangpu
Tokyo Japan Sumida
Vienna Austria Danube
Warsaw Poland Vistula
Zagreb Croatia Sava
Zürich Switzerland Limmat, Sihl

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