UPSC Civil Services Examination CSE/IAS, mains General Studies (GS 1), syllabus mainly focus on following areas and subjects 1) Indian Heritage and Culture 2) History 3) Geography. Detailed syllabus provided by UPSC is given below:
UPSC CSE General Studies (GS Paper 1) syllabus
(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)
⚫ Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
⚫ Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues
⚫ The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
⚫ Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
⚫ History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
⚫ Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
⚫ Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
⚫ Effects of globalization on Indian society
⚫ Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
⚫ Salient features of world’s physical geography.
⚫ Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
⚫ Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
UPSC CSE Mains syllabus
Mains exam consists of a total of 9 papers, Essay, GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Optional 1, Optional 2, Indian Language Paper and English
language Paper. The main exam has 1750 marks.
|Paper - A - Indian Language||300 Marks||One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.||Qualifing
|Paper- B - English Language||300 Marks||English Language||Qualifing
|Paper-I Essay||250Marks||Write essays on multiple topics||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-II General Studies I||250Marks||Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-III General Studies II||250Marks||Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-IV General Studies III||250Marks||Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-V General Studies IV||250Marks||Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1||250Marks||Syllabus||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2||250Marks||Syllabus||Counted for merit ranking
One must try to concentrate his studies in accordance with the syllabus given by UPSC and should organize notes paper wise, upsc mains exam requires a lot of writing parctice as well.