UPSC Civil Services Examination General Studies (GS paper 1) syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Examination CSE/IAS, mains General Studies (GS 1), syllabus mainly focus on following areas and subjects 1) Indian Heritage and Culture 2) History 3) Geography. Detailed syllabus provided by UPSC is given below:

UPSC CSE General Studies (GS Paper 1) syllabus

(Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)


⚫ Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

⚫ Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

⚫ The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

⚫ Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

⚫ History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.

⚫ Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

⚫ Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

⚫ Effects of globalization on Indian society

⚫ Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

⚫ Salient features of world’s physical geography.

⚫ Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)

⚫ Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

UPSC CSE Mains syllabus

Mains exam consists of a total of 9 papers, Essay, GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Optional 1, Optional 2, Indian Language Paper and English language Paper. The main exam has 1750 marks.

PaperMax MarksSyllabusNature
Paper - A - Indian Language300 MarksOne of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.Qualifing
Paper- B - English Language300 MarksEnglish LanguageQualifing
Paper-I Essay250MarksWrite essays on multiple topicsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-II General Studies I250MarksIndian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and SocietyCounted for merit ranking
Paper-III General Studies II250MarksGovernance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relationsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-IV General Studies III250MarksTechnology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster ManagementCounted for merit ranking
Paper-V General Studies IV250MarksEthics, Integrity and AptitudeCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking


One must try to concentrate his studies in accordance with the syllabus given by UPSC and should organize notes paper wise, upsc mains exam requires a lot of writing parctice as well.


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