This page contains UPSC IAS General Studies Previous Year Prelims Questions Paper I with answer key and explanation. It really helps to take a look at these questions and even better if one try to solve them in timely manner.
These UPSC CSE Previous year questions papers for GS Paper 1 are also helpful in understanding the syllabus and pattern of the exam.
Shahpurkandi Dam project
Shahpurkandi Dam project is going to be buid on the river Ravi, this will minimise wastage of water of the river by utilising the water in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir.
The project would be implemented by the Punjab government and would be completed by June 2022.
According to Indus Waters Treaty 1960 signed between India and Pakistan, India got the full rights for utilization of waters of the three eastern Rivers namely Ravi, Beas and Sutlej.
According to a bilateral agreement signed between Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir in January, 1979, Ranjit Sagar Dam (Thein Dam) and Shahpurkandi Dam was to be taken up by the Punjab government.
Aero India 2019 at Bengaluru
The 12th edition of the Aero India 2019 will be held at Bengaluru where for the first time it will subsume the civil aviation exhibition into it.
So far, Aero India has been defence-oriented while a separate civil aviation exhibition is held in Hyderabad.
Aero India, began in 1996 is an biennial and largest aerospace exhibition in Asia. Yelahanka Air Force station in Bengaluru has hosted all the 11 editions so far where it attracts all major aerospace manufacturers around the globe.
The tag line of Aero India 2019 is "Runway for a billion opportunities." The logo is inspired by the indigenous light combat aircraft Tejas.
India to pay, Iran's crude bill in rupee
According to a MoU signed between India and Iran, India will pay Iran in rupees for the crude oil it imports from the Persian Gulf nation. Half of these funds would be earmarked for settling payments for exports of Indian goods to Iran.
India is the second biggest purchaser of Iranian oil after China,
Under U.S. sanctions, India can export foodgrains, medicines and medical devices to Iran. India had won the exemption for 180-days to import a maximum of 300,000 barrels a day of crude oil compare to a 560,000 barrels this year.
India, the world's third biggest oil consumer, meets more than 80 per cent of its oil needs through imports. Iran is its third largest supplier after Iraq and Saudi Arabia and meets about 10 per cent of total needs.
India third largest contributor to carbon emission
According to a resarch conducted by the Global Carbon Project, India is the third largest contributor to carbon emission. The 10 biggest emitters in 2018 are China, U.S., India, Russia, Japan, Germany, Iran, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, and Canada.
In order to meet 2015 Paris Agreement goal of keeping the global temperature increase this century to well below 2°C, carbon dioxide emissions need to reduce by 50 per cent by 2030 and reach net zero by about 2050.
The 24th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: COP24, also known as the Katowice Climate Change Conference will be held between 2 and 14 December 2018 in Katowice, Poland.
The conference aims to finalise the practical implementation of the 2015 Paris Agreement, part of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992. It then entered into force on 21 March 1994, after a sufficient number of countries had ratified it.
Read More: UNFCCC
Currency swap deal between India and UAE
India and the UAE signed two agreements on currency swap and development projects in Africa, ahead of 12th India-UAE Commission Meeting for Economic and Technical Cooperation in Abu Dhabi.
Currency Swap is such a pact between two countries that allows trading in their own currency and payments to import and export trade at pre-determined exchange rate without bringing in a third benchmark currency like the US dollars.
Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016 was passed by the Indian Parliament to fulfill its obligation to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.
The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities was ratified by India in 2007.
The Act replaces the existing Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
According to a study conducted on the implementation of the act, around half of the indian states have not notified the State rules, despite a significant lapse of time. The act passed in December 2016, should have been notified by all States within six months.
COMCASA (Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement)
India and the U.S. signed the foundational agreement COMCASA (Communications Compatibility and Security Agreement ), on 6 September 2018 on the side-lines of the inaugural 2+2 dialogue.
Read More: COMCASA
Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CATSA)
The Countering America's Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, CAATSA, is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia. The act was signed into law by U.S. President Donald Trump in April 2017.
The act also implements punitive sanctions against a nation undertaking "significant" business deals with Iran, North Korea, and Russia.
India and the U.S. are planning to "sort out" issues around a U.S. sanctions waiver related to India's purchase of the S-400 Triumf missile defence system from Russia.
The President of USA may make an exemption to CAATSA as per the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY19.