UPSC Civil Services Examination General Studies (GS paper 2) syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Examination CSE/IAS, mains General Studies (GS 2), syllabus mainly focus on following areas and subjects 1) Governance, 2) Constitution, 3) Polity, 4) Social Justice and International relations. Detailed syllabus provided by UPSC is goven below:

UPSC CSE General Studies (GS Paper 2) syllabus


(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

⚫ Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.

⚫ Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.

⚫ Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.

⚫ Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries

⚫ Parliament and State Legislatures ? structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

⚫ Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.

⚫ Salient features of the Representation of People?s Act.

⚫ Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

⚫ Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

⚫ Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

⚫ Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

⚫ Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

⚫ Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

⚫ Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

⚫ Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

⚫ Role of civil services in a democracy.

⚫ India and its neighborhood- relations.

⚫ Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India?s interests

⚫ Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India?s interests, Indian diaspora.

⚫ Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate .

UPSC CSE Mains syllabus

Mains exam consists of a total of 9 papers, Essay, GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Optional 1, Optional 2, Indian Language Paper and English language Paper. The main exam has 1750 marks.

PaperMax MarksSyllabusNature
Paper - A - Indian Language300 MarksOne of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.Qualifing
Paper- B - English Language300 MarksEnglish LanguageQualifing
Paper-I Essay250MarksWrite essays on multiple topicsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-II General Studies I250MarksIndian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and SocietyCounted for merit ranking
Paper-III General Studies II250MarksGovernance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relationsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-IV General Studies III250MarksTechnology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster ManagementCounted for merit ranking
Paper-V General Studies IV250MarksEthics, Integrity and AptitudeCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking


One must try to concentrate his studies in accordance with the syllabus given by UPSC and should organize notes paper wise, upsc mains exam requires a lot of writing parctice as well.


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