UPSC Civil Services Examination CSE/IAS, mains General Studies (GS 2), syllabus mainly focus on following areas and subjects 1) Governance, 2) Constitution, 3) Polity, 4) Social Justice and International relations. Detailed syllabus provided by UPSC is goven below:
UPSC CSE General Studies (GS Paper 2) syllabus
(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)
⚫ Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
⚫ Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
⚫ Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
⚫ Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries
⚫ Parliament and State Legislatures ? structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.
⚫ Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
⚫ Salient features of the Representation of People?s Act.
⚫ Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.
⚫ Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies
⚫ Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
⚫ Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
⚫ Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
⚫ Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
⚫ Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
⚫ Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
⚫ Role of civil services in a democracy.
⚫ India and its neighborhood- relations.
⚫ Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India?s interests
⚫ Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India?s interests, Indian diaspora.
⚫ Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate .
UPSC CSE Mains syllabus
Mains exam consists of a total of 9 papers, Essay, GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Optional 1, Optional 2, Indian Language Paper and English
language Paper. The main exam has 1750 marks.
|Paper - A - Indian Language||300 Marks||One of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.||Qualifing
|Paper- B - English Language||300 Marks||English Language||Qualifing
|Paper-I Essay||250Marks||Write essays on multiple topics||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-II General Studies I||250Marks||Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-III General Studies II||250Marks||Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-IV General Studies III||250Marks||Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-V General Studies IV||250Marks||Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1||250Marks||Syllabus||Counted for merit ranking
|Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2||250Marks||Syllabus||Counted for merit ranking
One must try to concentrate his studies in accordance with the syllabus given by UPSC and should organize notes paper wise, upsc mains exam requires a lot of writing parctice as well.