UPSC Civil Services Examination General Studies (GS paper 4) syllabus

UPSC Civil Services Examination CSE/IAS, mains General Studies (GS 4), syllabus mainly focus on following areas and subjects 1) Ethics, 2) Integrity, and 3) Aptitude. Detailed syllabus provided by UPSC is goven below:

UPSC CSE General Studies (GS Paper 4) syllabus

(Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude)


This paper will include questions to test the candidate?s attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilize the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered in ⚫ Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

⚫ Human Values ? lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

⚫ Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.

⚫ Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.

⚫ Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.

⚫ Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

⚫ Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.

⚫ Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen?s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

⚫ Case Studies on above issues.

UPSC CSE Mains syllabus

Mains exam consists of a total of 9 papers, Essay, GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Optional 1, Optional 2, Indian Language Paper and English language Paper. The main exam has 1750 marks.

PaperMax MarksSyllabusNature
Paper - A - Indian Language300 MarksOne of the Indian Languages to be selected by the candidate from the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution. This paper will not be compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.Qualifing
Paper- B - English Language300 MarksEnglish LanguageQualifing
Paper-I Essay250MarksWrite essays on multiple topicsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-II General Studies I250MarksIndian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and SocietyCounted for merit ranking
Paper-III General Studies II250MarksGovernance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relationsCounted for merit ranking
Paper-IV General Studies III250MarksTechnology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster ManagementCounted for merit ranking
Paper-V General Studies IV250MarksEthics, Integrity and AptitudeCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VI Optional Subject - Paper 1250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking
Paper-VII Optional Subject - Paper 2250MarksSyllabusCounted for merit ranking


One must try to concentrate his studies in accordance with the syllabus given by UPSC and should organise notes paper wise, upsc mains exam requires a lot of writing practice as well.


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