6Th July 2018 : Daily Current Affairs - UPSC CSE/IAS and State PSC

This page contains "6th July 2018" current affairs analysis from different newspapers and magazines like The hindu, Indian express, PIB and Yojna.

Quality and relevance are two key features considered while writing the content, all the topics are based on the pattern of previously asked questions in exams like UPSC CSE, IAS, State PCS, SSC, Banks PO and likewise competitive exams.

International Court of Justice (ICJ) - World Court

Why in news ?
Bahrain, Egypt and the UAE has asked ICJ to turn down an decision from ICAO regarding Quatar's plea accusing its neighbours of violating agreement of free passage of passenger planes through foreign airspace.

What is ICJ (International Court of Justice)

International Court of justice (ICJ) or World Court, situated in The Hague, Netherlands is the official court of United Nations, it resolves disputed between member nations and provide advisory opinions to authorised UN organs and specialised agencies.

ICJ was established in 1945 by an UN charter and started working in 1946, the court was succeeded from Permanent Court of International Justice. The court has a total of 15 judges, elected for 9 years by the General Assembly and Security Council of United Nations(UN).

These judges are elected from a list of people nominated by the national groups in the Permanent Court of Arbitration. As an informal understanding, these judges should be selected based on geographic distribution and no two judges should not belong to same country.

According to UN charted UNSC has the authority to enforce Court rulings, but this enforcement is subject to the veto power of the five permanent members of the Council.

According to UN Charter, all 193 UN members are automatically parties to the court's statute while Non-UN members may also become parties to the court's statute.
Discuss: International Court of Justice (ICJ) - World Court

ICAO (The International Civil Aviation Organisation)

Why in news ?
ICAO (The International Civil Aviation Organisation) last week ruled it had the jurisdiction to determine a dispute brought by Qatar, accusing its neighbours of violating an agreement that regulates the free passage of passenger planes through foreign airspace.

What is International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)

International Civil Aviation Organisation is a specialised body of United Nations, that is responsible to develop principles and techniques for smooth international air navigation.

The organisation having headquarter in Canada is also tasked with planning and development of international air transport to ensure safety and sustainable growth.

ICAO also defines protocols for air accident investigation, to be followed by transport safety authorities in countries signatory to the Chicago Convention on International Civil Aviation.

Air Navigation Commission (ANC), composed of 19 commissioners is a technical body of ICAO, tasked with development of international Standards And Recommended Practices. Standard and recommendations approved by the Commission are sent to the Council(Political body of ICAO) for consultation and coordination with the Member States before final adoption.
Discuss: ICAO (The International Civil Aviation Organisation)

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989

Why in news ?
Section 18 of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989, bars anticipatory bail for accused of causing cast eccentric injury and insult to Dalits. Supreme court had read down Section 18 to allow accused persons under the Act to apply for anticipatory bail.

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989

The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989, or the SC/ST Act protects the marginalised communities against discrimination and atrocities.

The SC/ST Act includes 22 offences relating to various patterns or behaviours inflicting criminal offences and breaking the self-respect and esteem of the scheduled castes and tribes community.

The act also safeguards SC/ST against social disabilities like, denial of access to certain places and passage, forceful drinking or eating of inedible food sexual exploitation, injury etc.

The act also have a provision for a Special Court for speedy trial of offences under the Act in each district.

Recently Supreme Court ruled that public servants cannot be prosecuted without the approval of the appointing authority and citizens too should be arrested only after an inquiry under the law.
Discuss: Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989

IAS officers for village outreach

Why in news ?
In a bid to saturate 117 aspirational districts by Independence Day, the government has decided to send 800 top IAS in villages to ensure ground implementation of seven flagship social welfare schemes.

More in news
As part of the Extended Gram Swaraj Abhiyan (EGSA) (1 June to 15 August), the government is planning to send at least 800 Deputy Secretaries, Under-Secretaries and Director-level officers, drawn from diverse Ministries as Defence and Urban Affairs to visit 75 selected villages.

A total of 49,178 villages having a majority SC/ST population are targeted under the initiative. These officers from central team will conduct meetings with villagers along with state government's district official a lead bank representative and local officials from the agencies responsible for enrolling people into the schemes.

These meetings are aimed at identifying any hurdle in the path of scheme implementation and to sort them out on the spot.
Discuss: IAS officers for village outreach

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